Quick Answer: Where Is Malaria Parasite Located?

Is malaria a virus or parasite?

Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans.

People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness.

Four kinds of malaria parasites infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, P..

How malaria parasite enters the human body?

Malaria spreads when a mosquito becomes infected with the disease after biting an infected person, and the infected mosquito then bites a noninfected person. The malaria parasites enter that person’s bloodstream and travel to the liver. When the parasites mature, they leave the liver and infect red blood cells.

Which country has the most malaria deaths?

Nearly 85% of global malaria deaths in 2018 were concentrated in 20 countries in the WHO African Region and India; Nigeria accounted for almost 24% of all global malaria deaths, followed by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%), the United Republic of Tanzania (5%), and Angola, Mozambique and Niger (4% each).

Which malaria parasite is common in humans?

Plasmodium falciparum – mainly found in Africa, it’s the most common type of malaria parasite and is responsible for most malaria deaths worldwide.

Can you have malaria and not know it?

People with asymptomatic malaria carry the infection but have no idea they do because they do not have any indicators. This is incredibly dangerous because without symptoms, they will not get treated and can then infect countless others with the disease.

Where does the malaria parasite come from?

Human malaria likely originated in Africa and coevolved with its hosts, mosquitoes and non-human primates. Malaria protozoa are diversified into primate, rodent, bird, and reptile host lineages. Humans may have originally caught Plasmodium falciparum from gorillas.

Where is malaria mainly found?

Malaria is found in more than 100 countries, mainly in tropical regions of the world, including: large areas of Africa and Asia. Central and South America. Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

What country is malaria most common in?

Malaria cases Fifteen countries in sub-Saharan Africa and India carried almost 80% of the global malaria burden. Five countries accounted for nearly half of all malaria cases worldwide: Nigeria (25%), Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%), Mozambique (5%), India (4%) and Uganda (4%).

What is the best treatment for malaria?

The most common antimalarial drugs include:Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). ACTs are, in many cases, the first line treatment for malaria. There are several different types of ACTs. … Chloroquine phosphate. Chloroquine is the preferred treatment for any parasite that is sensitive to the drug.

What countries have malaria problems?

Epidemics occur most often in areas with unstable malaria, such as Ethiopia, northern India, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, and southern Africa. Many other African countries situated in the Sahelian and Sub-Saharan areas are susceptible to epidemics (Djimdé and others 2004; Worrall, Rietveld, and Delacollette 2004).

How does malaria kill?

HOW IT KILLS. If drugs are not available or if the parasites are resistant to them, malaria infection can develop to anemia, hypoglycemia or cerebral malaria, in which capillaries carrying blood to the brain are blocked. Cerebral malaria can cause coma, life-long-learning disabilities, and death.