What Type Of Mosquito Causes Filariasis?

Is filariasis a mosquito borne disease?

Lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, is a neglected tropical disease.

Infection occurs when filarial parasites are transmitted to humans through mosquitoes.

Infection is usually acquired in childhood causing hidden damage to the lymphatic system..

What are the types of filariasis?

FilariasisLymphatic filariasis is caused by the worms Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori. … Subcutaneous filariasis is caused by Loa loa (the eye worm), Mansonella streptocerca, and Onchocerca volvulus.More items…

Does Culex mosquito cause elephantiasis?

Lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis is a mosquito-borne disease. The major vector of elephantiasis is Culex mosquito but Anopheles and Aedes mosquitos are also known to transmit elephantiasis.

How do you kill filarial worms?

The drug ivermectin kills only the microfilariae, but not the adult worm; the adult worm is responsible for the pathology of lymphedema and hydrocele. Some studies have shown adult worm killing with treatment with doxycycline (200mg/day for 4–6 weeks).

What is the best treatment for filaria?

Diethylcarbamazine (DEC) is the drug of choice in the United States. The drug kills the microfilariae and some of the adult worms. DEC has been used world-wide for more than 50 years.

Is elephantiasis hereditary?

Symptoms include swelling of affected areas (lymphedema) and thickening and hardening of the skin in affected areas. In most cases, hereditary lymphedema is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.

How is elephantiasis prevented?

Prevention may be possible by:avoiding mosquitoes or taking precautions to reduce your risk for mosquito bites.getting rid of mosquito breeding areas.using mosquito nets.wearing insect repellents.wearing long-sleeved shirts and pants in areas with a lot of mosquitoes.More items…•

What mosquito causes elephantiasis?

Lymphatic filariasis is a human disease caused by parasitic worms known as filarial worms….Lymphatic filariasisBellevue Venus; Oscar G. Mason’s portrait of a woman with elephantiasis.SpecialtyInfectious diseaseSymptomsNone, severe swelling of the arms, legs, or genitalsCausesFilarial worms spread by mosquitos6 more rows

Is elephantiasis completely curable?

Untitled Document. Since there is no known vaccine or cure for lymphatic filariasis, the most effective method that exists to control the disease is prevention.

How does filariasis start?

Filariasis is an infectious tropical disease caused by any one of several thread-like parasitic round worms. The two species of worms most often associated with this disease are Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi. The larval form of the parasite transmits the disease to humans by the bite of a mosquito.

How do you detect filariasis?

The standard method for diagnosing active infection is the identification of microfilariae in a blood smear by microscopic examination. The microfilariae that cause lymphatic filariasis circulate in the blood at night (called nocturnal periodicity).

What is the incubation period of filariasis?

The incubation period is known as the period between the entrance of the infective larva into the human host and the presentation of clinical symptoms or observable signs. This period of time is completely variable, and can be as short as 4 weeks or as long as 8-16 months (Reference 18).